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TYE-2000B型壓力試驗機的使用方法及參數-滄州鑫科建筑儀器有限公司添加時間:2019-12-4 8:41:33


       

TYE-2000B

 英文版說明書

 

First, TYE- 2000 B pressure testing machine is mainly used to test the compressive strength of concrete, stone, cement, refractory brick and other building materials。 With the measuring instrument of elastic modulus of concrete, it can also be used to measure the elastic modulus of concrete specimen under static compression。 By using hydraulic transmission, electronic force measurement and digital display, it has the characteristics of compact structure, convenient operation and high precision of force measurement。 1, basic technical parameters: bearing capacity (0 ≤ 1000) kN, (0 ≤ 2000) kN indication relative error ±1% motor power 1。1kW piston stroke 50mm power 380V 50Hz 2, main specification: net distance from upper and lower pressure plates to 320mm upper and lower pressure plate dimensions (320 × 320) mm shape size (length × width × height) (796 × 435 × 1325) mm net weight 785kg II, structure and working principle brief introduction (1) structure: this machine is mainly composed of the following three parts (Fig。 1): 1, the body part of the rack 3 is a strong frame of nodular cast iron, the upper part of the rack is equipped with nuts 4, connecting wire Bar 2, there are convex ball seat 5 and upper pressure plate 6 at the end of the wire rod, and the contact between the upper pressure plate and the compression surface of the specimen can be automatically adjusted when the specimen is pressed。 According to the size of the specimen, you can turn the hand wheel 1 to adjust the screw to the appropriate height。 The surface of the lower bearing plate is engraved with a positioning line, which is convenient for the specimen to be placed in the center position。 The lower bearing plate 7 is placed on the piston 8 and the dust shield 10 is installed under the lower pressure plate to prevent debris and debris from falling into the cylinder 11。 When the piston is raised by oil pressure, push the lower pressure plate upward and top the specimen。 The 11 seats of the cylinder are located in the lower part of the frame, and a composite sealing ring 9 is embedded in the upper part of the inner wall of the cylinder to prevent At high pressure, the oil between the piston and the cylinder spills, and the oil overflow loss is very small。 There is a spill pipe on the upper left side of the rear of the cylinder, which directly allows the oil spill on the cylinder to flow back to the tank, so it can keep the machine clean around the machine。 If the concrete compression test is carried out, it is suggested that the user can make a inclined bucket and tilt to the back side in order to remove the fragments。 In order to prevent the specimen from moving away frequently, it is suggested that the gasket suitable for the size of the specimen should be made, but the gasket suitable for the specimen size should be heat treated (hardness HRC55 above) and easy to replace after long wear。 2。 Hydraulic control system includes motor and high pressure oil pump, oil supply valve, return valve, fuel tank and so on。 The oil pump and motor 14 are connected by coupling and are mounted on the fuel tank 13。 The high pressure oil enters the oil supply valve 16 directly。 When the oil supply valve is closed, the oil flows back to the fuel tank directly。 When the oil supply valve is opened and the return valve 15 is closed, the high pressure oil enters the cylinder and transmits it to the sensor。 The sensor transmits the signal to the force measuring instrument 18。3。 The force measuring system is composed of hydraulic sensor, signal amplifier converter, data processing, printer and control operation panel, transmission loading mechanism and so on。 Front panel layout:后面板布置圖:

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  • (2) the main functional instruments can automatically collect the test data, automatically lock the broken peak value, print the test results, and terminate the test at any time during the test process. Can automatically save test data, power down can also save, a total of 500 sets of data (a set of data can be a single block of data or 3 data), and can query and print the saved data. The test data are reliable and easy to operate. Pressure display: five digits display pressure kN (thousands of newtons). During the test, the real-time display with the pressure, after the end of the test, the peak value of breaking maintained the display. Loading speed display: kN/s (kilontons / second) plus   When the strength ≥ C30 and < C60 is 20.0~32.0kN/s strength ≥ C60, it is 32.0~40.0kN/s termination test: if it is found that there is a problem in the test, the test can be cancelled by pressing the "stop" key and put back into the specimen until the specimen breaks. Print content: year, month, day, number, peak pressure, peak pressure (can be a single block or 3 blocks), carry out  The SQL server database is used to upload the data. 3. Installation and debugging 1. In order to be easy to operate, the machine should be placed on the basis of prefabricated 720mm × 600mm cement higher than ground 300mm (see figure 2). After removing the box, use the hoisting machine to lift the tester to the preset place (pay attention to the protruding part of the machine when handling). After the tester is installed horizontally, apply clean and kerosene dipped cotton yarn, wipe the antirust agent on the surface of the machine, and then apply a thin layer of mechanical oil. 2. Debugging this debugging includes only the preparatory work before operation, other  Release, so repeat a few times. (2) the electrical connection inserts the random power plug into the corresponding socket. The power supply is 380V 50Hz. (3) start the oil pump exhaust to open the return valve (15) and the fuel delivery valve (16). Turn on the power supply of the machine, at this time the display screen is in a random state. Press the "start" key, start the motor, the oil pump starts to work, continue to work for about a minute to close the return valve, at this time you can find that the lower pressure plate rises slowly, when the lower pressure plate rises to about 20mm, close the oil supply valve and open the return valve, at this time the lower pressure plate is in a falling state. Repeat the above step 3 times 4 times can completely exclude the gas in the system.

  • IV。 Operational use

  • 1. Electricity

  • Turn on the power supply, the red indicator light is on, if not bright, rotate the power switch clockwise. shows the number of years, months, days, hours, minutes.

  • 2。 Zero

  • Press the "zero clearing" button once and the display displays 0.0(if not, press the "zero clearing" button again until the display displays 0.0).

  • 3。 Starting motor

  • Press “Start ” key, motor start, enter test state。

  • 4。 System setup

  • Press the "Set" key and the meter enters the parameter setting state. Press Settings again in Settings.  Key exits. 1) display "P ≤ 1": input for date and year. Press the confirm key to confirm the input and proceed to the next input. 2) display "P ≤ 2": input for date and month, range (1 ~ 12). 3) display "P ≤ 3": the input of the date, range (1 ~ 31). 4) display "P ≤ 4": input for date, range (0 ~ 23). 5) display "P ≤ 5": input for date score, range (0 ~ 59). Generally speaking, there is no need to correct the time, after a long time of work, such as the deviation of time The difference can be corrected in accordance with the above party law. Press the confirm key every time you do not need to set the time. 6) display "P ≤ 6": for the input of the test number, the range (0 ~ 9999). Generally, after completing the data of the test, the number is automatically added 1, and the next group of specimens can be tested. If the group number is not continuous, you can enter the corresponding group number and start the experiment. 7) display "P ≤ 7": for the input of the test block, range (1 or 3). If you need to do a single test, select 1, do a group of 3 pieces of test selection 3. 8) display "P ≤ -" 8 ": in order to select the mode of the test block, the range (1, 2, 3, or 4). Selection 1: mode (1) Compression test block selection for cross section area 100 × 100mm2 2: mode (2) compression test block selection 3 for cross section area 150 × 150mm2: mode (3) compression test block selection 4 for cross section area 200 × 200mm2: mode (4) compression test block 9 for user arbitrarily setting cross section (mm2) shows "P ≤ 9": for custom test block mode, section range (1 ~ 65535mm2). As in the previous step. If 1-3 is selected, this setting will not be entered, and only 4 is selected to enter this mode. Freely enter a custom section. 10) Display "P――10": for the input and range of test block age (0-99 days) ) Parameter setting parameter: the value of the flicker bit is changed with the number keys of[0] to[9], and the flicker bit is removed by the[1] key. The setting parameter of the setting is set according to the order. Press the "OK" key to set it in order and return to the original state until the set value is set. If the setting is to be canceled, press the "key" key. Exiting.5. The system has two gears for the system shift 1000 kN and 2000 kN. Select the appropriate gear before the test. 6. Data Query The maximum storage capacity of the system is 500 units, so the number of stored data can be called only by date and number when the original data is printed. It is reported that the operation of the query data The following is the following:1) After pressing the "Query" key, the "H――1" is displayed, and the date on which the data is to be queried is entered. For example, the "030218" is February 2003. (2) After pressing the "CONFIRMATION" key, display the "H――2", enter the number of the data to be queried, and then enter, for example, <trunk> "0112" </ Data No. 0112 of February 18, 2003. 3) press the "confirm" key again, the system carries on the database processing, if finds the same data as the query condition, if not, displays the first data in the database. 4) you can use the number key "8" to view this group of data. 5) the data of the database can be queried forward and backward with the digital keys "7" and "9". 6) in the query state, press the print key to print the data of the database. Press the query key in the query state to exit the query status. V. compressive strength test Check step 1. Turn on the power supply, the red indicator light is on, if not, turn the power switch clockwise and turn on the power supply. two。 Select the right gear. 3. Press the Settings key to set up the system (number, age, etc.). If you do not need to adjust, proceed directly to the next step. 4. Press the "clear zero" key to clear zero. 5. Place the specimen in the center. 6. Adjust the handwheel so that the upper pressure plate is about 5 mm away from the specimen. 7. Press the start key to start the motor. The red signal light is on, if it is not on, the rate will not be displayed, and the test data cannot be saved and printed. 8. Close the return valve, slow Open the oil supply valve and control the loading of the oil supply valve at the required rate until the specimen breaks. 9. Open the return valve and close the delivery valve. 10. Remove the pieces of the specimen. 11. Put in the second specimen, press the "start" key, repeat step 8 / 10. 12. Put in the third specimen, press the "start" key, repeat step 8 / 10. 13. Open the return valve to unload. 14. Press the print key to print out all the detected data in the number. 15. At the end of the test, press the stop key to stop the motor. 16. switch it off。 VI. Elastic modulus test under static compression Check step 1. Turn on the power supply, press the Settings key, and then press the print key. The force value window is "00" and the rate window is "P ≤ 11". At this time, the force value window flashes "0". two。 Press the number key "1", and then press the "confirm" key to enter the elastic modulus test mode: at this point, the rate window displays the "P ≤ 12" force value window showing 01 or 02 or 03 or 04 01 for the cross section area 100 × 100 02 for the cross section area 150 × 150 03 for the cross section area 200 × 200 04 represents any cross section selection 04, press confirm key will appear P ≤ 13, at this time you can enter any cross section area. If you choose 01, 02 or 03, no P ≤ 13 appears. 3. Select the section code of the specimen, and press the confirm key at this time, the rate window displays P ≤ 14. 4. Enter the value of Fa (that is, 1 ≤ 3 of axial compressive strength f, unit MPa).) 5. Press OK and the rate window displays C 00.0, which represents the elastic modulus state. 6. Wipe the surface of the specimen with the surface of the upper and lower pressure plates. 7. Elastic mould of concrete The measuring instrument is installed on the middle line of both sides of the specimen and symmetrical at both ends of the specimen. 8. Place the specimen in the center. 9. Adjust the handwheel so that the upper pressure plate is about 5 mm away from the specimen. 10. Press the start key to start the motor. 11. Close the return valve, slowly open the oil supply valve, and control the loading of the oil supply valve according to the required rate. twelve。 When the load is loaded to the initial load value of 0.5Mpa (F0), the control system begins to timing automatically, when the force value window shows F0 (the unit has been automatically converted to kN), rate window showing "0H × ×", "× ×" is 0 ≤ 90s protection. Load and read time. Keep the dead load for 60 s and record the deformation reading of each measuring point within 30 s. When the rate window shows "0H90", the load value F of 1 ≤ 3 whose stress is axial compressive strength f should be continuously and uniformly loaded immediately. The force value window shows F (the unit has been automatically converted to kN), rate window to display "1H × ×", keeps the dead load for 60 s and records the deformation reading of each measuring point within 30s. Then the load is unloaded at the same speed as the loading speed to the reference stress 0.5MPa (F), dead load of 60s, and then the same loading and unloading speed and 60s are used. The constant load (F and F) of s is preloaded at least twice. After the last preloading is completed, the reference stress 0.5MPa (F) holds the load for 60 s and then 30 s 13.Record the deformation reading of each measuring point in the interior; load it to F with the same loading speed, hold it for 60s and record the deformation reading of each measuring point in the later 30s. Remove the deformation measuring instrument and load it at the same speed until the test piece is damaged, and record the damage load. The test block is broken, the peak is kept, and the C-P is in the rate window, and the peak value of the force value window, and the process of the elastic modulus of the test block is finished. (The diagram is shown with a sketch of 02 section) After the elastic modulus test is finished, the default state of the next startup is the elastic modulus test state. To change back to the normal concrete pressure-resistant state, press the "set up". And then press the "print" key to change the "01" parameter in the force value window into the "00" parameter, and then press the "CONFIRMATION" key.

     

    7. The calibration and testing shall be verified once a year according to the provisions of the metrology method, and shall be carried out by the legal metering department designated by the local accounting and inspection bureau. In the use of this machine, in addition to the legal measurement department, users do not enter the calibration state at will, otherwise the internal data will be messed up, the machine will not be able to use normally. After the instrument is electrified for three minutes, it is calibrated by the third standard dynamometer. The calibration steps are as follows: 1. Switch (the power) on。 two。 Press the "clear zero" key to clear zero. 3. Select the gear you want to calibrate (1000kN or 2000kN). 4. Press the Calibration key. 5. Enter password "761 013 ", press" "Confirm the "Key, at which time the system displays" C0" to indicate the calibration zero. 6. Press the "start-up" key to start the motor .7. Press the "CONFIRMATION" key and the system displays" trunk> "C20" </ trunk ".8. Close the oil return valve, open the oil delivery valve, load the piston smoothly, slowly lift the piston, and hold the oil delivery valve. At this time, the display will not be shown as 0.0 (the allowable value is 1.0 as the allowable value), start the calibration from 20% of the rated load (for example,20% of the 2000 kN press is 400.0 kN, the force ring is the reference), and the calibration is 5. (5:20%,40%,6 of the maximum load) 80%,100%). When the load cell shows up to 20% of the rated load, close the oil delivery valve and slowly approach 20% of the rated load. Press the "CONFIRMATION" key at the same time as you arrive, and the 20% point is complete. 9.40%,60%,80%,100% are also calibrated in this order. . The system automatically exits the calibration status when 100% is complete . However, after all the calibration values must be completed, the system can save the calibration value .10. Open the oil return valve and close the oil feed. Valve. If the digital display of the calibration and the load cell show that the difference is large, it will be calibrated twice and generally only One time. When the calibration is complete The system must be tested, the system can detect 6 points of data, generally 20% of the calibrated maximum load, 40%, 60%, 80%, 100% and zero. The system detection steps are as follows: 1. Switch (the power) on. two。 Select the gear you want to detect (1000kN or 2000kN). 3. Press the "clear zero" key to clear zero. 4. Press the "start" key to start the motor. 5. Press the "detect" key, the system displays "C1", indicating the zero point of detection, at this time the dynamometer does not touch the upper pressure plate, that is, zero point. 6. Press the confirm key and the system displays C2. 7. ... close the return valve, open the feed valve, load smoothly, the piston of the oil cylinder slowly rises, stabilize the feed valve, and start testing, starting from 20% of the rated load (e.g.20% of the 2000kN press is 400.0kN, based on the force ring). When the dynamometer shows close to 20% of the rated load, close the small feed valve and slowly approach 20% of the rated load. Press the "OK" button at the same time of arrival and 20% points are complete.

    8。 Similarly,40 per cent,60 per cent,80 per cent and 100 per cent were tested。 When 100% is completed, the system automatically exits the detection state。

    9。 Open the return valve,  Close the oil delivery valve。 10。 Press the "detection" key, enter the detection state, press the "print" key, and the system can print the data just detected 。 In the calibration or detection state, press the "calibration" and the "detection" key to exit the state and the data is not guaranteed。 Storage。 The gear position before entering the calibration or detection is the calibration or detection。

     

VIII。 Maintenance and Troubleshooting 1。 Dimension (1) After the daily test, the crushing test block shall be cleaned and the upper and lower pressure plates shall be kept, and the surface of the cushion block shall be clear。 It is very effective to observe whether the oil level meets the requirements after 2 to 3 months of continuous use。 Requirements。 (3) After 6 months of continuous use of the machine, the cleaning of the hydraulic system must be replaced Hydraulic oil。 When the oil is replaced, the oil drain plug (12) shall be first opened, and then the oil shall be reweighed。 New tightening。 Refer to three and two in oil filling Note: The oil pump exhaust should be started before the hydraulic oil is replaced again (see III, 2 (3)) When not in use, you can use a plastic cover to cover the body to keep the equipment clean。 The upper and lower pressure plates and ball seats are wiped clean and covered with thin oil film to prevent corrosion。 (5) when you use it again after a long period of time, start with three or two debugging items。 2。 Troubleshooting the following faults is a simple and common fault, which can be solved according to the following methods: (1) there is residual gas in the loading uneven system, which can be operated through the relevant contents in the third item, and the tubing joint at the back and lower part of the cylinder can be loosened。 (2) the oil pump motor does not work to replace the fuse。 (3) obvious The display screen does not show 1 replacement fuse 2 remove the rear cover plate to check that the power cord connection is firm (4) after the display screen shows abnormal power outage, open the rear cover plate, check whether the sensor input connector is reliable, and if it is in good condition, check whether the sensor is normal。 If there are other problems that cannot be solved, please contact us。 You must not deal with it on your own in order to cause unnecessary trouble。

 

 IX. Notes The contents of this note include the relevant contents in the use, maintenance and inspection .1. The power supply voltage must be accurate when in use Error;2. The cable connected to the main machine shall not have an intermediate joint. In case of damage, the cable shall be replaced, and the wiring shall be accurate. 3. In case of use, it is necessary to set the procedure in accordance with the instruction Sequence operation.4. In operation, the lower pressure plate (7) is not allowed to exceed the piston. The stroke is specified.5. The seal ring may fail to cause the oil cylinder to bleed severely after a long period of work, and the following method should be followed Replace sealing ring. (1) Remove a dust cover; (2) Remove the sealing ring ring of the inner wall of the oil cylinder by lifting the piston with two M12 eyebolts (3) Replace the new sealing ring and ring, and put it in the piston carefully, cover the pressure-bearing plate, keep the outer surface smooth and clean when not in use, and not touch Injury, shaving, and accumulation of miscellaneous Quality.6. After the machine has been used for a period of time, if there is a trace of oil leakage at the handle of the oil delivery valve or the oil return valve, use the wrench to tighten the compression nut before the handle clockwise (half turn left 7. The shell of the testing machine must be grounded safely, and the rear side of the testing machine frame is connected with the ground. Screw in the ground. The measurement department shall carry out the operation, and the user shall not operate at will. 9. The testing machine cannot share a power socket with a high-power electrical equipment .10. The testing machine shall be placed in a clean place to prevent dust from entering, and in a working environment with a temperature of 10-35 & deg; C and humidity of 80% with.11. After the test, the sensor shall be in a disengaged state to protect the transmission 1. When printing is performed in the test, if the printing paper is finished, replace with the new printing paper (the specification is 57x {40), press the switch SEL key, and then press the LF key, and the printer will automatically Feed.12. Please don't dismantle it without permission. 壓力機

 

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圖一  試驗機外觀

 

 

 

 

 

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圖二 地基安裝圖

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圖三 電氣原理圖